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雅思口语话题:对比比较类题目范围及回答常用句型

雅思口语的第三部分主要是针对第二部分话题卡题目的基础上,引申出一些社会问题进行考官与考生的双向讨论。考生想要在第三部分表现出色,首先要对相关的社会问题有所了解,其次要会用适当的英语表述出来。在第三部分中,比例最大的题目类型是Compare/Contrast,如何能够在第三部分自然流利的表达呢?下面我们就来了解一下Compare/Contrast类题目范围及回答常用句型。

  Compare/Contrast类题目主要包括以下几类:

  地域 (city/ rural area; north/south; different countries)

  好坏 (advantages/disadvantages)

  过去/现在/将来 (past/now/future)

  人群 (age group; male/female)

  政府/个人 (government/individual)

  同类(相近)事物之间 (coffee/tea; radio/TV; seeing comedy/reading funny materials in a book; polite/friendly)

  考官会在第二部分话题的基础上,根据以上总结的六类范围,让考生比较同类事物的相同点及不同点,并使考生回答出自己对此类社会问题的看法。同学们在备考的过程中,可以试着按以上几个分类预测第三部分的问题并练习自己的答案。以下是回答Compare/Contrast类问题的常用句型:

  1. 描述不同点:

  -There are quite a few (a variety of / a couple of) differences between them.

  -The main difference I can think of now are…..

  -The most obvious (significant/essential) one is….

  -A second difference would be…

  -There are other differences as well, but basically these are the main ones.

  2. 现在与过去比较:

  -In the past…

  -Traditionally,…

  -People used to...

  -In the future…

  -At present,…

  -Currently…

  -These days…

  3. 优缺点比较:

  -There are a number of benefits.

  -It is beneficial primarily because…

  -Clearly, the advantages include….

  -It’s valuable also because…

  -There are may be some risks involved.

  -One major concern about this issue is…

  -This is very disturbing because…

  Disadvantages 替换词: shortcomings/negative aspects/drawbacks/weak


point/limitations

  4. 若比较双方十分相似:

  -Actually, they have a lot in common.

  -Well, it seems they are very similar.

  -Honestly, I don’t think there’s much difference between them.

  为了避免思考时的停顿,我们可以在犹豫时这样说:

  -Well…

  -Actually…

  -In fact…

  -You see…

  -It’s like this, you see…

  -To tell you the truth…

  -To be frank…

  -To be honest with you….

  以上总结了第三部分中比例最大的Compare/Contrast类回答句型,那么在第三部分中,除了Compare/Contrast 类题目外,还有两类题型分别是:以疑问词开始的询问具体信息及原因的题目(why, where, when, etc.);询问意见看法类题目(what do you think of…?/ How do you like…?/ What is your suggestion?)。下面我们看一下回答这两类问题的基本句型:

  1. Why考查原因类句型:

  -As I see it, several factors contribute to…

  -In my view, the causes of…are complicated.

  -There’s a combination of factors.

  -I think a number of factors are involved here.

  -That’s due to the fact…

  -The most obvious one would be...

  -A secondary one may be…

  -As a result,…

  -Consequently,…

  2. How/suggestion/solution 句型

  -I guess that requires…

  -I guess it will take some integrated measures to solve…

  -I believe a series of steps should be taken, such as...

  -Things should be done step by step. The initial thing that should be done is…then,…and probably most importantly,…

  -A number of actions should be taken…

  -In reaction to…,the government should…


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Thanks for sharing

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