Lesson One Rome Was Not Built in a Day
English is an international language.
Therefore,it's necessary for us to learn it.
It can be rewarding or just a waste of time.
It's up to you.
It depends on how you study it.
Here're some tips about learning English.
First,don't be afraid to make mistakes,you'll learn from them.
Second,you must not be shy,be thick-skinned,and speak up.
Finally,you must be patient.
Remember,Rome wasn't built in a day.
Peter: Rome wasn't built in a day.为什么用wasn't,不用isn't?
Bruce: Well,Rome doesn't refer to the city of Rome.It refers to the Rome Empire.That's the Great country thatwas built more than 2000 years ago.It was a great empire and of course you can't build anything good or great in just short time.
Peter: Now,I have this question.In one situation,we'll use this expression'Rome wasn't built in a day'.Please give us an example.
Bruce: Well,let's say that your friend wants to learn how to do something,like typing,or swimming,and at first your friend feels a little discouraged because it's not easy to learn a new skill.But you tell him 'Hey,come on,'Rome wasn't built in a day'.We want to encourage our friends with this saying.
Peter: 为什么说“English is an international language”?主要含义是什么意思？
Bruce: Well,we say that English is an international language because English is spoken around the world.Of couse,there're more speakers of Mandarin than English,but English is spoken by more people in more countries than Mandarin is. So when you travel,or do business,or study overseas,you can always find English speakers and English TV programmas and English newspapers.
Peter: In other words,English is a universal language.
Peter: English is a universal language,that's why we learn it.
Peter: We can say Bruce speaks beautiful Mandarin.
Peter: you staying here is only a waste of time.
Bruce: Exercise is very rewarding for our health.
Peter: It pays to exercise.It is rewarding to exercise.
Peter: 怎么使用“it's up to you”?
Bruce: Well,if Peter asks me 'Do you want to go to a restaurant first or see a movie first tonight?',I might say 'It's up to you.'
Peter: But I know the true answer. He enjoys eating.
Bruce：More than anything
Peter: So let's go to a restaurant first.In our stdio,we have a small stdio here,and we have only two people here that's Bruce and me,but Bruce is much too big,so we have little room left here.
Peter: You'll get nowhere if you learn English by fits and starts.
Bruce: My brother studied accounting by fits and starts,so he failed.
Peter: If you give me a tip,I'll give you some tips about/on how to learn English.
Bruce: 'If you give me a tip'的tip 是小费。If you are in a restaurant,and you leave a little money for the waitor,we say that's a tip.But then Peter said 'I'll give some tips about learning english' 的tip 是建议，some advice about learning english.
Peter: He gives me some advice on learning english
Peter: Mr. Bruce,before leaving,don't forget to tip me.
He tiped me on how to learn English.
Bruce: tipped 小心
Peter: I am afraid to talk to him or I am afraid of talking to him.
Peter: This is a very good piece of advice.
Bruce: Well,if you have to speak or write a language to really learn it,if you make mistakes while speaking,usually the listener will understand you anyway,because usually your mistake is just a grammar mistake or maybe a vocabulary mistake.but usually we understand you. But if we don't understand you we'll ask'huh',or 'what do you mean'.Then you can try again.
Peter: Only by making mistakes can we learn something.
Bruce: Children are usually shy around strangers.
Peter: Well,this is often the case,but there is some situation in which adults are shy.For example,each time Bruce is with me,he is shy.
Peter: That's not shy,Peter,that's embarrassed.
Peter: Peter,you stink.
Peter: A good teacher must be patient with his students.
Peter: In lesson two we have a very short dialog.Now,by the way,what's the meaning by the word "dialog"?
Bruce: A dialog is a conversation between two people.
Peter: And that's speeled...
Bruce: Conversation or(Peter: Dialog)...ok,well,you can see it on page 9 here: dialogue,but it's also speeled dialog.
so there are two speelings for this word.
Bruce: sometimes just one person,Peter,because sometimes I hear you talking to yourself.
Peter: Peter's being sent to the hospital(Bruce: funny farm).
Peter: He's raised on the farm.
Peter: Yersday Peter was sent to a nearby mental asylum because he kept talking to himself.
Mack is talking to his friend,Don.Mack and Don are both boys or men.
Mack: Hi,Don,how are you doing in your English class?
Don: Not so well,I am afraid.
Mack: What's the problem?
Don: I'm not improving.Tell me,how come your english is so good?
Mack: Well,ur...I've an american girlfriend.
Don: Aha,that's it. Now I know what to do.(He runs off.)
Mack: Hey,come back,I was just kidding.
Bruce: He improved his English by studying everyday.
Peter: He studied everyday so his English improved
Bruce: Peter, you have made a lot of improvement in your Mandarin.
Peter: Thank you,Bruce,for teaching me.
Peter: Because he studies hard,he has made a lot of improvement in his English.
Peter: Hey,what are you talking about?
Bruce: The teachers were talking about the problem student.
Peter: He is a problem student.He keeps causing troubles.
Bruce: His girlfriend talked Mack into quitting smoking.
Bruce: When he gave a speech,we realized he was just talking nonsense.
Bruce: Right,Peter,"Hi",as you just said,it's a greeting.If I see my good friends or sometimes my students,I will say hi,
it's a friendly greeting.But,"Hey" means I want you to pay attention to me,I have something important to talk
to you about or maybe to show you. Hey,come here. Hey,listen to me.
Peter: But,hey,in this case,is not quite polite,I would say.
Bruce: No. We should use it between friends.
Peter: How are you doing?
How are you getting along?
How is he going?
Where have you been?
Bruce: Howdy,if you go to Texas or or other southern states in America, many people will greet you with howdy.
Bruce: I'm afraid that it's going to rain so we cann't go on the picnic.
Peter: I'm going to have a blind date. Look into the mirror yourself.
Peter: He seems to has some problems with the work.
Bruce: We can say "What's the matter?" or "What's wrong?".
Peter: Bruce,how come you look so ugly?
Bruce: The truth hurts.
Peter: Why do you look so ugly?
Bruce: How come you failed your Chinses test,Peter?
Bruce: Why did you fail your Chinses test,Peter?
Peter: Well,because I goofed around,I didn't study at all.
Peter: He goofs around all day.
Bruce: Aha means I understand,I got it. For example,if you try to think of the answer to a problem,oh,let's see,the
capital of Canada is aha, is Ottawa.
Peter: I was just kidding.I was just joking.
Listening to music is the favorite pastime of many people all over the world.
This is especially true for people living in Vienna, the city of song.
Being the home of Mozart, this city is the birthplace of classical music and the Waltz.
Music fills the air in Vienna.
Going to public concerts is often free of charge.
And don't forget Vienna is also home to the world famous Vienna boys' choir.
No wonder people say Austria is always alive with the sound of music.
Peter: Bruce, you know something, I should leave this lesson to you because this lesson features one country, and tha t's (Bruce: Austria). This country has a lot to do with your background. (Bruce: Yes,that's right.)So tell our listeners how come you have a very close connection with this country.
Bruce: Ur... my mother was born in Jugoslavia, but her mother comes from Austria and I still have many relatives living there. And I like to visit them every two or three years.
Peter: The city of song refers to the city of (Bruce: Vienna).
Peter: You have been to this city many times. (Bruce: Of course.)Tell us something about this city.
Bruce: Vienna is one of the most beautiful cities I've ever seen. I'm not kidding. It's a very old and beautiful city for its culture and music and good beer.
Bruce: Well, if you go out with Peter, beause he's a potbelly, you might feel embarrassed.
Peter: He is a potbelly.
Bruce: Jogging or going jogging is my favorite exercise. Well, it's Peter's favorite exercise, not mine.
Peter: Your exercise is eating.
Bruce: It's lifting a heavy glass of beer.
Peter: What's your pastime over the weekend?
Bruce: Well, you could say "what's your favorite hobby? or how do you pass the time on your weedends?"
Bruce: Oh,let's see,going to a restaurant or seeing a movie.
Bruce: Michael Jackson is famous the world over.
Peter: But here I'm a littl bit curious again. Now you mentioned you have something to do with Vienna. How come you don't know anything about music?
Bruce: Ha... that's a good question. Peter means I can't sing.I like to listen to music,but I can't sing.
Peter: So you've got to face the music.
Bruce: To face the music means that you must face your problem. You must try to solve your problem.
Peter: He was sick of learning, he ran away from school. 变成 Being sick of learning, he ran away from home.
Bruce: Mozart is one of the most famous classical musicans.
Peter: What's your birthplace? Where was you born? In fact, I was born in Nanjing even though my hometown is in Guangxi province.
Bruce: Sure. This's true. When you go to Vienna, especially in the summer time,you can hear music being played, not from the radio or the CD player, but from people who play music on the street or in the parks or in the concerts. You can hear music as you walk around the city.
Peter: Or in another words, you can see some live shows on your own. How to spell the word of /laiv/?
Bruce: I work for Peter free of charge.
Peter: Wow, in another words, I'm enslaved by Peter everyday. I'm a slave to Bruce. Don't be a slave to money.
Bruce: Let me give our students a better example here. This sample is free for charge.
Peter: He is a good boy.He often helps his mother with chores.
Bruce: Chicago is home to some of the world's tallest buildings.
Bruce: No wonder Bruce is in such good shape. He exercises everyday.
oh,I am afraid I'll have to say sorry.there are 148 lessons in all.I can only upload one lesson each time.I plan to upload one lesson every week,then post what I have wrote down while listening. So you don't have to be in a hurry learning lessons,just take your time.And remember: more haste,less speed.
Lesson 4: He who hesitates is lost
Dialog: Mike is in Vienna with his girlfriend,Daisy.
Mike: Are you having a good time,Daisy?
Daisy: Are you kidding? I'm having the time of my life. I love the concerts.
Mike: Concert-going is fantastic, but what else can we do?
Daisy: Biking along the banks of the river Danube could be fun.
Mike: It sounds like a great idea.
Daisy: Let's do it then.
Mike: You're right. As they say,he who hesitates is lost.
Peter: We have this title "He who hesitates is lost".Now we have this word 'he',in this case,'he' is the subject.
Bruce: He who works hard will be successful.
Bruce: Anyone/anybody who works hard will be successful.
Bruce: Those who word hard will be successful.
Peter: If you have questions, don't hesitateto ask me.
Bruce: Sure. Or you could say "Don't talk to Morris,he's lost/absorbed in his work".
Peter: He who hesitates is a loser.
Bruce: Daisy is a beautiful,little flower,but remember if you're talking about the flower then we don't capitalize the 'd'.
Peter: Probally,they are on vacation there.
Bruce: I'm sorry,Peter,I don't know what the vacation means.
Peter: In my dictionary there is no such a word as vacation.This means I work all day,day and night(Bruce: For Peter).
Bruce: I visited Italy and France while on vacation last year.
Bruce: He always has a good time in camping.
Peter: I had a good time dancing last night. Bruce has a good time working for me.
Bruce: Foreigners have a hard time learning how to write Chinses characters.Are you kidding me?
Peter: But Bruce can at least write one word,that's Chinses character,that's one,1.
Peter: How many kids do you have?
Bruce: I hvae two kids. Same as you.
Peter: Mr. Wang who lives next to me has three ears. Oh come on.Are you kidding me?
Bruce: The artist will put on a new exhibit next month.
Bruce: House-cleaning is Peter's favorite activity.
Bruce: Mozart's music is fantastic.
Peter: What do you think that movie?
Bruce: It's terrific.
Bruce: Bruce is fun,Peter looks funny.
Peter: He's a fun man to be with.
Bruce: Fun. we always use it with 'have a good time' if you like to do something. It's a good time you say there's a lot of fun,
but if something makes you laugh,then we say it's funny.
Bruce: The students made fun of the new kid in the class.
Bruce: I'm going to use a different verb. Tastes like garbage . Peter's cooking.
Bruce: Let's go see a movie tonight.
Peter: Sounds like a good idea.