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透过词根知词义托福阅读中常见的词根汇总

托福阅读文章的词汇量在650-750之间,要想得到托福阅读高分,词汇关不可不过。不过,我们也可以采取一些比较轻松的方法来巧背单词。下面为您整理托福阅读词汇中的常见词根,希望对大家有所帮助。
  更多英语学习方法请点击:怎样背单词  托福阅读词汇常见词根总结
  1) aer, ar, 含义是“空气,大气” aeroplane, aerial,
  2) ag, act, ig, 含义是“做,动作” active, agent, reaction,
  3) alt, 含义是“高”, altitude,
  4) alter, altern, altr, 含义是“其它,变更” alternate,
  5) bio, bi, bion, 含义是“生物,生命” biology, bionics(仿生学)
  6) brev, bri, brief, 含义是“短” brief, abbreviation, abridge(节略)
  7) cap, capt, cept, cip, 含义是“取,获” capture, except, concept, capacity
  8) ced, ceed, cess, 含义是“行,让步” proceed, succeed, excess(过度)
  9) centr, centr, 含义是“中心” concentrate, eccentric(偏心的)
  10) clain, clam, 含义是“呼喊” claim, proclaim, exclaim      
  11) clos, clud, 含义是“闭合” conclude, enclose, include
  12) col, cult, 含义是“耕耘” colony, cultivate, agriculture
  13) cor, cord, 含义是“心” cordial, record, accord
  14) curr, cur, cour, 含义是“跑,动作” current, occur, concurrence(同时发生)
  15) dic, dict, 含义是“说,示” dictate, edit, indicate, predict
  16) doc, doct, 含义是“教” doctor, document.nbsp
  17) duc, duct含义是“引导,传导” introduce, produce, conduct, deduct( 推论)
  18) fact, fac, fect, dic, dit, 含义是“做,创造” factory, effect, profit, faculty, perfect
  19) fend, fens, 含义是“打,击” defence, offence
  20) fer, 含义是“搬运,移转” ferry, transfer, defer(迟延)
  21) fin, finit, 含义是“终,极” final, finish, confine
  22) firm, 含义是“坚固” firm, confirm, affirm(断定)
  23) fix, 含义是“固定” prefix, affix(附加)
  24) flect, flex, 含义是“弯曲” flexible, reflex
  25) flor, flour, flower, 含义是“花” flower, flourish
  26) form, 含义是“形” uniform, formula, transform, reform, deform
  27) forc, fort, 含义是“力,强度” force, enforce, effort
  28) gen, genit, 含义是“生产,发生” generate, generation
  29) gram, graph, 含义是“书写,记录” telegram, diagram, photograph
  30) grad, gress, gred, gree, 含义是“步,阶段” gradually, degree, progress
  31) hab, habit, hibit, 含义是“保持,住” inhabit, exhibit, prohibit
  32) her, hes, 含义是“粘附” adhere, cohesion
  33) ject, jet, 含义是“抛射” project, inject
  34) jour, 含义是“日,一天” journal(日记), journey, adjourn(延期)
  35) jug, junct, 含义是“结合,连合” conjunction, junction(连合)
  36) labour, labor, 含义是“劳动,工作” labourer, elaborate, collaborate
  37) lect, leg, lig, 含义是“挑选,采集” collect, select, lecture
  38) lif, liv, 含义是“生活,生存” life, alive, live
  39) loc, 含义是“场所,位置” location, dislocate(脱位)
  40) long, leng, ling, 含义是“长的” length, prolong, linger
  41) loqu, locut, 含义是“说话” colloquial, eloquent,
  42) mand, mend, 含义是“命令” command, demand, recommend
  43) man, manu, 含义是“手,手法” manage, manual
  44) memor, menber, 含义是“记忆” memory, remember, memorial
  45) mind, ment, 含义是“心” mind, remind, mental
  46) merc, merch, 含义是“贸易” commerce, merchant
  47) meas, mens, meter, metr, 含义是“测量,度量” measure, meter, diameter
  48) min, 含义是“小” diminish, minority
  49) miss, mit, 含义是“派遣,送” mission, dismiss, transmit, missile
  50) mob, mot, mov, 含义是“动” movement, motion, mobile, remove
  51) nect, nex, 含义是“捆扎” connect, disconnect, annex(合并)
  52) not, 含义是“记号,注意” note, denote, annotation(注释)
  53) onom, onym, 含义是“名字” synonym, antonym, anonymous
  54) pair, par, 含义是“a)相同,对等b)准备” compare, prepare
  55) pel, puls, 含义是“追逐” expel, impel(推进)
  56) pend, pens, pond, 含义是“悬挂” depend, independent, expense(支付)
  57) phon, 含义是“声音” symphony, telephone, microphone
  58) plac, 含义是“位置,场所” place, replace
  59) peopl, popul, publ, 含义是“人民,民众” public, republic, popular, people
  60) port, 含义是“搬运” export, import, deport(输送)
  61) press, 含义是“压,压制” pressure, express, oppress, impression
  62) prob, proof, prov, 含义是“实验,验证” prove, approve,
  63) quer, quest, quir, quis, 含义是“寻找,探问” inquiry, question, inquisition(调查,追究)
  64) rang, rank, 含义是“排列” arrange, rank,
  65) rect, right, rig, 含义是“正,直” correct, direct, erect
  66) riv, 含义是“河流,流远”,river, arrive, derive
  67) rupt, 含义是“破坏,毁坏” eruption, bankrupt, corruption
  68) sci, 含义是“认识,知识” science, conscious
  69) scrib, script, 含义是“书写,记录” describe, script
  70) sens, sent, 含义是“感觉,情感” sensation, sentiment
  71) sign, 含义是“标记,符号” signal, signature, design
  72) sembl, simil, 含义是“相似,类似” similar, resemble, assimilate(同化)
  73) soci, 含义是“结合,社交” social, association
  74) spec, spect, spitc, spis, 含义是“看,视” inspect, spectator, conspicuous, respect
  75) struct, 含义是“建筑,构造” structure, construct, instruct, destruction
  76) tect, teg, 含义是“遮蔽,掩盖” detect, protect
  77) temp, tens, 含义是“时间,时机” tense, contemporary, temporal
  78) tend, tes, tent, 含义是“倾向, 伸张” tendency, intension, extend, intend
  79) test, 含义是“证明,证实” testify, protest, contest(争论)
  80) text, 含义是“编织, 构成” textile, texture, context
  81) tract, trail, 含义是“拖拉,吸引” attract, tractor, abstract, contract(收缩)
  82) tribut, 含义是“给予” contribution, distribute
  83) us, ut, 含义是“用,使用” usable, utilize, abuse
  84) vac, van, 含义是“空,虚” vacancy, vanity, evacuate(清空)
  85) vad, vas, wad, 含义是“走,去” invade, wade, evade(逃避)
  86) vers, vert, 含义是“旋转,反转” convert, inversion(倒转), reverse, divert(使转向)
  87) vid, vis, vey, view, 含义是“观看,看见” television, visible, evident, interview, survey
  88) viv, vit, 含义是“生,活” vivid, vital, survival,
  89) war, ward, 含义是“注意,保护” aware, wary(谨慎), ward(守护)
  90) way, 含义是“路” way, away, subway, always
  以上是托福阅读词汇:常见前缀总结,大家可以根据前缀猜测词义,这样背单词就会容易一些。
  更多英语学习方法请点击:怎样背单
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