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高中阶段常见带介词的to短语归纳

be / get / become used to 习惯于         
be given to 喜欢;癖好
be related to  与…有关系      
be addicted to 沉溺于;对…上瘾  
be opposed to  反对           
devote oneself to献身于;专心于
be devoted to 致力于;忠诚于     
be admitted to 被…录取;准进入
be reduced to 沦为            
reduce…to…使…沦为
be attached to附属于;喜欢;依恋      
be adjusted to  适应
be known to  为…所知           
be married to  和…结婚
be sentenced to被判处           
be connected to  和…连在一起
be exposed to  暴露于;遭受      
be compared to 被比喻成
compare… to…把…比作…      
be engaged to 与…订婚
be / become / get accustomed to // accustomed to  惯于;有…习惯
be engaged to 与…订婚      
get down to 着手做      
lead to 导致
object to反对;不喜欢;不赞成      
put one’s mind to全神贯注于
give rise to 引起      
look forward to  盼望      
stick to  坚持
pay attention to  注意   
attend to 专心;注意;照料  
see to  负责;注意
contribute to对…作贡献;有助于      
make contributions to对…作贡献
apply oneself to 致力于     
come close to几乎;将近   
reply to 回答
add to 增加      
add up to  加起来      
in addition to除…之外
turn to转向;求助于   
feel up to 能胜任于     
look up to 尊敬
admit to承认      
belong to 属于   
take to 喜爱;开始
cling to 附着     
fall to 开始     
respond to 回答;对…作出回应
accustom oneself to 使自己习惯于   
amount to等于   
prefer… to…更喜欢
set an example to 给…树立榜样     
refer to 谈到;参考;查阅  
agree to sth. 同意某事(比较:agree to do sth.  同意做某事)
prefer… to…更喜欢      
take / make a trip to到…地方去
join…to…把…和 …连接起来      
turn a blind eye to对…视而不见
turn a deaf ear to 对…充耳不闻   
show honor to向…表示敬意  
put an end to(bring… to an end) 结束     
set fire to 放火烧……
drink (a toast) to 为……干杯      
propose a toast to 提议……
happen to… 发生了……事   
occur to sb. 想起;想到  
total up to 总计达
be close to 几乎;将近   
hold to 坚持;抓住   
help oneself to 随便用……
hold on to  抓住;固守   
do harm to 对……有害处  
do wrong to 冤枉某人
date back to 追溯到      
when it comes to… 谈到……时
come to 来到;达到;结果为  (比较:come to do sth逐渐做某事)
give an eye to着眼于  
have an eye to doing 打算
the key to ……的答案
describe to  向……描述     
treat sb. to sth. 请某人吃……
trust sth. to sb.把某物委托给某人     
pay a visit to  参观……
access to 进入;取得的方法   
be a stranger to  不习惯;对……陌生  
on one’s way to 在去某处的路上;在达成某事的过程中
be kind to 对……和善   
be important to 对……重要
be senior to   年龄长于……     
be equal to  和……相等
be particular to ……所特有的(比较:be particular about 对……过于讲究;挑剔)      
be subject to 服从;隶属;易遭\受\患
be familiar to 为  ……熟悉         
be similar to 和……相似
be open to 对……开放      
be loyal to  对……忠诚
be helpful to对……有益处     
be useful to对……有用
be good to sb对某人好(比较:be good for 对……有益处)
be bad to 对……不好
be bad for(比较:对……有害处)
be new to 对……不习惯;对……陌生   
as to 关于;至于
next to(否定词前)几乎;   
be due to do sth.预定要做某事
next to ……的旁边     
due to 由于;归因于……
thanks to 多亏了;由于
owing to 由于;因……的缘故      
in / with regard to 关于
in /with relation to 关于;就……而论   
subject to 在……条件下;依照
be given to 沉溺于   
be related to 与…相关   
get down to着手做
lead to    着手做      
object to  / be opposed to   反对     
put one’s mind to全神贯注于   
be equal to 胜任   
devote oneself to献身于   
give rise to 引起   
look forward to 盼望  
pay attention to  注意  
lead to通向     see to 负责   
access to 接近(某地的)方法   
be addicted to 沉溺于…  对…上瘾      
according to 根据     
contribute to   为…作贡献
如:
1. access to 接近,进入(某地的)方法; 通路
The only access to that building is along that muddy track.
到那栋建筑的唯一通路是沿着那条泥泞的路走。
2. according to 按照,依照,视……而定
The work was done according to his instructions.
那工作是依照他的指示做的。
3. be addicted to 沉溺于……,对……上瘾
He became addicted to the drug.
他上了毒瘾。
4. belong to 属于
This dictionary belongs to me.
这本词典是我的。
5. contribute to 为……做贡献,为……撰稿
Everyone should contribute what he or she can afford to society.
人人都应该尽自己的能力为社会做贡献。
6. devote to 献身,致力于……
He has devoted his life to helping disabled people.
他一生献身于帮助残疾人。
7. due to 因为,由于……而起
His lateness was due to the very heavy traffic on the motorway.
他迟到是因高速公路上车辆过多所致。
8. be equal to 与……相当,有能力胜任……的
Bill is quite equal to running the office.
比尔的能力足以管理这个部门。
9. get close to 靠近,接近
Today many people like to go out to get close to nature.
如今许多人喜欢到户外去接近大自然。
10. get down to 开始做某事,认真处理某事
It’s time I got down to some serious work.
我该认真干点正事了。
11. hold to 忠于……,坚持,遵循
Whatever your argument, I shall hold to my decision.
不管你怎样争辩,我将坚持我的决定。
12. help oneself to 自取,自用(食物,饮料等)
Help yourself to a cigarette.
请随便用香烟吧。
13. look forward to 盼望,期待
    We are so much looking forward to seeing you again.
我们非常盼望再见到你。
14. lead to 导致
   This misprint led to great confusion.
   这个印刷错误造成很大的混淆。
15. prefer…to…两者间更喜欢……
I prefer walking to cycling.
我愿意步行,不愿意骑自行车。
16. pay attention to 注意
Pay attention to what the teacher is talking about!
注意老师说的话!
17. refer to 提到,涉及到,关系到,参考,查阅
What I have to say refers to all of you.
我要说的事和你们大家都有关。
18. relate to 与……有关,涉及……
   Wealth is seldom related to happiness.
   财富鲜于幸福有关。
19. see to 照看或处理某事物
   Will you see to the arrangements for the next committee meeting?
   你来处理下次委员会会议安排,好吗?
20.stick to 坚持,不改变或不放弃
   We don’t want to hear your opinions; stick to the facts!
   我们不想听你的想法,只讲事实!
21.turn to 转向,求助于,转而做
   The more depressed he got, the more he turned to drink.
   他情绪越低落越是借酒浇愁。
22.used to 习惯于……,适应……
She is quite used to working hard.
她很习惯做艰苦的工作。

专项练习:
1. The engine of the plane was out of order and the thunderstorm ______ the helplessness of the pilot in the sky.
A. added to  B. made up  C.led to   D. took over
2. –-What a large and bright room! Is it a classroom?
  ---No. It ______ the students’ reading—room.
   A. refers to    B. stands for   C. is meant for   D. makes up of
3. It was foolish of him to _______ his notes during that important test, and as a result, he got punished.  A. stick to   B. refer to   C. keep to   D. point to
4. Eating too much fat can _______ heart disease and cause high blood pressure.
   A. result from   B. devote to  C. attend to   D. contribute to

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