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六级练习2015.12.05


       
       




Andrew Carnegie, American industrialist and philanthropist,made a fortune by manufacturing iron and steel protected by a custom tariff.In 1873, on one of his frequent trips to England,he met Henry Bessemer and became convinced that the industrial future lay in steel.He built the J. Edgar Thomson Steel Mills near Pittsburgh,and from that moment on,the Carnegie empire was one of constant expansion.(1)_____________________________ It included all the processes of steel production from the great furnaces and finishing mills of Pittsburgh to the inroads and lake steamers that move the ores and the finished products. Like his grandfather,Andrew Carnegie did not abandon the radical idealism of his forebears for the benefit of the working class and the poor people.In spite of his espousal of Herbert Spencer’s philosophy and the social Darwinism of the period,Carnegie remained deeply committed to many of the chartist ideals of his boyhood.He believed in the social responsibility of the man of wealth to society.He served as a steward for a fortune2)_______________________. Furthermore, Carnegie considered that the dispensation of wealth for the benefit of society must never be in the form of free charity but rather must be as a buttress to the community’s responsibility for its own people.When Carnegie died in Lenox, Massachusetts, on August 11, 1919,most of his fortune was already gone.(3)_____________________________________



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