在线英语听力室 |  添加本站到收藏夹  |  把此页设为首页 | 
听力首页 听力教程 VOA慢速 英语歌曲 外语下载 英语小说 英语词典 在线背单词 听力论坛 韩语学习
听力专题 英语教材 VOA标准 英语动画 英语考试 资源技巧 英语翻译 单词连连看 听力家园 德语学习
听力搜索 英语导读 BBC英语 英语视频 英语电台 英语QQ群 外语歌曲   英语游戏 英语网刊 日语学习
当前位置: 英语听力论坛 » 阅读提高 » 逐字逐句阅读《Jane Eyre》
返回列表 发帖

逐字逐句阅读《Jane Eyre》

因为水平有限,从来没有耐心阅读完整部的英文名著,从现在开始,每天读一点点,坚持到底!!!希望大家监督

Chapter 1

There was no possibility of taking a walk that day. We had beening wandering, indeed, in the leafless shrubbery an hour in the morning; but since dinner (Mrs. Reed, when there was no company, dined early) the cold winter wind had brought with it clouds so sombre, and a rain so penetrating, that further outdoor exercise was now out of the question.
shrubbery: 灌木,灌木林
sombre: 昏暗的,阴沉的

I was glad of it; I never liked long walks, especially on chilly afternoons: dreadful to me was the coming home in the raw twilight, with nipped fingers and toes,  and a heart saddened by the chidings of Bessie, the nurse, and humbled by the consciousness of my physical inferiority to Eliza, John, and Georgiana Reed.
nip: 冻伤
chide: 斥责,责骂

The said Eliza, John, and Georgiana were now clustered round their mamma in the drawing-room: she lay reclined on a sofa by the fireside, and with her darlings about her (for the time neither quarrelling nor crying) looked perfectly happy. Me, she had dispensed from joining the group, saying, "She regretted to be under the necessity of keeping me at a distance; but that until she heard from Bessie, and could discover by her own observation that I was endeavouring in good earnest to acquire a more sociable and childlike disposition, a more attractive and sprightly manner -- something lighter, franker, more natural, as it were -- she really must excluded me from privileges intended only for contented, happy little children."
in good earnest: 非常认真的
disposition: 一贯的性情,脾气
a sweet disposition: 和蔼温柔的性格
sprightly: 充满活力的
as it were: 可以说

"What does Bessie say I have done?" I asked.
"Jane, I don't like cavillers or questioners; besides, there is something truly forbidding in a child taking up her elders in that manner. Be seated somewhere; and until you can speak pleasantly, remain silent."
cavil: 挑剔,找错
caviller: 吹毛求疵的人
take up: 责备
1

评分人数

  • DZ

回复 2# 的帖子

呵呵,但是英文名著可不是一般人可以翻译的哈,而且有这么多现成的中文版本,阅读过程中参考参考并自己多多理解就可以了。

TOP

A small breakfast-room adjoined the drawing-room, I slipped in there. It contained a bookcase; I soon possessed myself of a volume, taking care that it should be one stored with pictures. I mounted into the window-seat: gathering up my feet, I sat crosslegged, like a Turk; and, having drawn the red moreen curtain nearly close, I was shrined in double retirement.
window-seat: (窗槛下的)窗座, 靠窗座位
gather up: 蜷缩
Turk: 土耳其人
moreen: (做窗帘、帷幕等用的)波纹毛呢, 波纹条毛布
retirement: 幽静地方, 偏僻地方

Folds of scarlet drapery shut in my view to the right hand; to the left were the clear panes of glass, protecting, but not separating me from the drear November day. At intervals, while turning over the leaves in my book, I studied the aspect of that winter afternoon. Afar, it offered a pale blank of mist and cloud; near, a scene of wet lawn and storm-beat shrub, with ceaseless rain sweeping away wildly before a long and lamentable blast.
drapery: (供装饰用的)织物, 帏帐, 布料
pane: 窗门上的玻璃格子
drear: =dreary 阴沉的
lamentable: 令人不快的

I returned to my book -- Bewick's HISTORY OF BRITISH BIRDS: the letterpress thereof I cared little for, generally speaking; and yet there were certain introductory pages that, child as I was, I could not pass quite as a blank. They were those which treat of the haunts of sea-fowl; of "the solitary rocks and promontories" by them only inhabited; of the coast of Norway, studded with isles from its southern extremity, the Lindeness, or Naze, to the North Cape --
letterpress: 正文,如一本书中区别于插图和其他装饰的文字
treat of: 论及,涉及
stud: 散布,点缀

Where the Northern Ocean, in vast whirls,
Boils round the naked, melancholy isles
Of farthest Thule; and the Atlantic surge
Pours in among the stormy Hebrides.
melancholy: 忧郁的
Thule: 极北之地
Hebrides: 赫布里底群岛
1

评分人数

  • DZ

TOP

Nor could I pass unnoticed the suggestion of the bleak shores of Lapland, Siberia, Spitzbergen, Nova Zembla, Iceland, Greenland, with "the vast sweep of the Arctic Zone, and those forlorn regions of dreary space -- that reservoir of frost and snow, where firm fields of ice, the accumulation of centuries of winters, glazed in Alpine heights above heights, surround the pole, and concentre the multiplied rigours of extreme cold." Of these death-white realms I formed an idea of my own: shadowy, like all the half-comprehended notions that float dim through children's brains, but strangely impressive. The words in these introductory pages connected themselves with the succeeding vignettes, and gave significance to the rock standing up alone in a sea of billow and spray; to the broken boat stranded on a desolate coast; to the cold and ghastly moon glancing through bars of cloud at a wreck just sinking.
bleak: 寒冷的, 荒凉的
forlorn: 绝望的; 被遗弃的, 孤独无助的; 凄凉的
glaze:  使表面光滑
rigour:  [常用复](气候等的)凛烈
vignette: 小插图
billow: 巨浪
stranded: 搁浅的,进退两难的 (还记得DZ在春节前发的关于滞留旅客的帖子吧?stranded passengers, 看到这个词现在感觉好亲切哈
ghastly: 死人般的, 苍白的
1

评分人数

  • DZ

TOP

haha. Now you can tell from my users icon. And I am so happy that I became a senior member today.

TOP

Thank you. DZ.

TOP

I cannot tell what sentiment haunted the quite solitary churchyard, with its inscribed headstone; its gate, its two trees, its low horizon, girdled by a broken wall, and its newly risen crescent, attesting the hour of eventide.
The two ships becalmed on a torpid sea, I believed to be marine phantoms.
The fiend pinning down the thief's pack behind him, I passed over quickly: it was an object of terror.
So was the black, horned thing seated aloof on a rock, surveying a distant crowd surrounding a gallows.
headstone: 墓石
girdle: 环绕
crescent: 新月
phantom: 幻影;幽灵, 鬼怪
fiend: 恶魔;妖怪
pin down: 使受约束, 阻止, 压制
gallows: 绞架

Each picture told a story; mysterious often to my undeveloped understanding and imperfect feelings, yet ever profoundly interesting: as interesting as the tales Bessie sometimes narrated on winter evenings, when she chanced to be in good humour; and when, having brought her ironing-table to the nursery-hearth, she allowed us to sit about it, and while she got up Mrs. Reed's lace frills, and crimped her nightcap borders, fed our eager attention with passages of love and adventure taken from old fairy tales and older ballads; or (as at a later period I discovered) from the pages of PAMELA, and HENRY, EARL OF MORELAND.
frill: (服装的)褶边, 装饰
1

评分人数

  • DZ

TOP

With Bewick on my knee, I was then happy: happy at least in my way. I feared nothing but interruption, and that came too soon. The breakfast-room door was opened.
    "Boh! Madam Mope!" cried the voice of John Reed; then he paused: he found the room apparently empty.
    "Where the dickens is she?" he continued. "Lizzy! Georgy! (calling to his sisters) Jane is not here: tell mamma she is run out into the rain -- bad animal!"
    "It is well I drew the curtain," thought I, and wished fervently he might not discover my hiding-place: nor would John Reed have found it out himself; he was not quick either of vision or conception; but Eliza just put her head in at the door, and said at once: "She is in the window-seat, to be sure, Jack."
    And I came out immediately, for I trembled at the idea of being dragged forth by the said Jack.
    "What do you want?" I asked with awkward diffidence.
    "Say, 'What do you want, Master Reed,' " was the answer. "I want you to come here"; and seating himself in an arm-chair, he intimated by a gesture that I was to approach and stand before him.
mope: 闷闷不乐,忧郁的人或情绪低落的人
fervently: 热心地, 热诚地
diffidence: 缺乏自信;胆怯
1

评分人数

  • DZ

TOP

回复 14# 的帖子

It's a brand new word for me too.

TOP

John Reed was a schoolboy of fourteen years old; four years older than I, for I was but ten; large and stout for his age, with a dingy and unwholesome skin; thick lineaments in a spacious visage, heavy limbs and large extremities. He gorged himself habitually at table, which made him bilious, and gave him a dim and bleared eye with flabby cheeks. He ought now to have been at school; but his mamma had taken him home for a month or two, "on account of his delicate health." Mr. Miles, the master, affirmed that he would do very well if he had fewer cakes and sweetmeats sent him from home; but the mother's heart turned from an opinion so harsh, and inclined rather to the more refined idea that John's sallowness was owing to over-application, and, perhaps, to pining after home.
dingy: 黑暗的
lineament: 面部轮廓
visage: 脸,面容
extremity: 手足
gorge: 狼吞虎咽, 塞饱
bilious: 胆汁质的, 坏脾气的
blear: 使(眼)花, 模糊
sallowness: 菜色
pine: 怀念,常指思乡的愿望

TOP

John had not much affection to his mother and sisters, and an antipathy to me. He bullied and punished me; not two or three times in the week, nor once or twice in a day, but continually: every nerve I had feared him, and every morsel of flesh on my bones shrank when he came near. There were moments when I was bewildered by the terror he inspired, because I had no appeal whatever against either his menaces or his inflictions; the servants did not like to offend their young master by taking my part against him, and Mrs. Reed was blind and deaf on the subject: she never saw him strike or heard him abuse me, though he did both now and then in her very presence; more frequently, however, behind her back.
antipathy: 憎恶, 反感
morsel: 小量;一点
menace: 恐吓, 威胁

    Habitually obedient to John, I came up to his chair: he spent some three minutes in thrusting out his tongue at me as far as he could without damaging the roots: I knew he would soon strike, and while dreading the blow, I mused on the disgusting and ugly appearance of him who would presently deal it. I wondered if he read that notion in my face; for, all at once, without speaking, he struck suddenly and strongly. I tottered, and on regaining my equilibrium retired back a step or two from his chair.
totter: 蹒跚, 踉跄

TOP

"That's for your impudence in answering mamma a while since, " said he, "and for your sneaking way of getting behind curtains, and for the look you had in your eyes two minutes since, you rat!"
    Accustomed to John Reed's abuse, I never had an idea of replying to it: my care was how to endure the blow which would certainly follow the insult.
    "What were you doing behind the curtain? " he asked.
    "I was reading."
    "Show the book."
    I returned to the window and fetched it thence.
    "You have no business to take our books; you are a dependant, mamma says; you have no money; your father left you none; you ought to beg, and not to live here with gentlemen's children like us, and eat the same meals we do, and wear clothes at our mamma's expense. Now, I'll teach you to rummage my bookshelves: for they are mine; all the house belongs to me, or will do in a few years. Go and stand by the door, out of the way of the mirror and the windows."
    I did so, not at first aware what was his intention; but when I saw him lift and poise the book and stand in act to hurl it, I instinctively started aside with a cry of alarm: not soon enough, however; the volume was flung, it hit me, and I fell, striking my head against the door and cutting it. The cut bled, the pain was sharp: my terror had passed its climax; other feelings succeeded.
impudence: 轻率,粗野无礼的行为
business: 权利:正确或恰当的关系或兴趣
          如:“The business of America is business”(Calvin Coolidge)
                           “美国的权利是交易”(卡尔文·柯立芝)
rummage: 翻箱倒柜的寻找
start aside: 跳开

TOP

"Wicked and cruel boy!" I said. "You are like a murderer -- you are like a slave-driver -- you are like the Roman emperors!"
    I had read Goldsmith's HISTORY OF ROME, and had formed my opinion of Nero, Caligula, &c. Also I had drawn parallels in silence, which I never thought thus to have declared aboud.
    "What! what!" he cried. "Did she say that to me? Did you hear her, Eliza and Georgiana? Won't I tell mamma? but first --"
    He ran headlong at me: I felt him grasp my hair and my shoulder: he had closed with a desperate thing. I really saw in him a tyrant: a murderer. I felt a drop or two of blood from my head trickle down from my neck, and was sensible of somewhat pungent suffering: these sensations for the time predominated over fear, and I received him in frantic sort. I don't very well know what I did with my hands, but he called me "Rat! rat!" and bellowed out aloud. Aid was near him: Eliza and Georgiana had run for Mrs. Reed, who was gone upstairs; she now came upon the scene, followed by Bessie and her maid Abbot. We were parted: I heard the words --
    "Dear! dear! What a fury to fly at Master John!"
    "Did ever anybody see such a picture of passion!"
    Then Mrs. Reed subjoined: "Take her away to the red-room, and lock her in there." Four hands were immediately laid upon me, and I was borne upstairs.
slave-driver: 奴隶监工
tyrant: 暴君
frantic: 狂乱的, 疯狂的
bellow out: 大声喊出
fly at: 猛烈攻击
subjoin: 增补, 附加
This is the end of Chapter 1

TOP

Chapter 2

^^^^ I resisted all the way: a new thing for me, and a circumstance which greatly strengthened the bad opinion Bessie and Miss Abbot were disposed to entertain of me. The fact is, I was a trifle beside myself; or rather out of myself, as the French would say. I was conscious that a moment's mutiny had already rendered me liable to strange penalties, and, like any other rebel slave, I felt resolved, in my desperation, to go all lengths.
      "Hold her arms, Miss Abbot: she's like a mad cat."
      "For shame, for shame!" cried the lady's maid. "What shocking conduct, Miss Eyre, to strike a young gentleman, your benefactress's son! Your young master."
      "Master! How is he my master? Am I a servant?"
      "No; you are less than a servant, for you do nothing for your keep. There, sit down, and think over your wickedness."
      They had got me by this time into the apartment indicated by Mrs. Reed, and had thrust me upon a stool: my impulse was to rise from it like a spring; their two pair of hands arrested me instantly.
      "If you don't sit still, you must be tied down," said Bessie. "Miss Abbot, lend me your garters; she would break mine directly."
      Miss Abbot turned to divest a stout leg of the necessary ligature. This preparation for bonds, and the additional ignominy it inferred, took a little of the excitement out of me.
      "Don't take them off," I cried; "I will not stir."
      In guarantee whereof, I attached myself to my seat by my hands.
      "Mind you don't ," said Bessie; and when she had ascertained that I was really subsiding, she loosened her hold of me; then she and Miss Abbot stood with folded arms, looking darkly and doubtfully on my face, as incredulous of my sanity.
mutiny:  反抗
benefactress: 女施主, 女恩人
garters: 袜带
divest: 脱去,脱掉
ligature: 带子
ignominy: 耻辱, 羞耻
subside: 平静下来

TOP

回复 22# 的帖子

Yes, I think that's the characteristic of literature.

TOP

"She never did so before," at last said Bessie, turning to the Abigail.
      "But it was always in her." was the reply. "I've told misses often my opinion about the child, and misses agreed with me. She's an underhand little thing: I never saw a girl of her age with so much cover."
      Bessie answered not; but ere long, addressing me, she said:
      "You ought to be aware, miss, that you are under obligations to Mrs. Reed: she keeps you: if she were to turn you off you would have to go to the poorhouse."
      I had nothing to say to these words: they were not new to me: my very first recollections of existence included hints of the same kind. This reproach of my dependence had become a vague singsong in my ear; very painful and crushing, but only half intelligible. Miss Abbot joined in:
      "And you ought not to think yourself on an equality with the Misses Reed and Master Reed, because missis kindly allows you to be brought up with them. They will have a great deal of money and you will have none: it is your place to be humble, and to try to make yourself agreeable to them."
      "What we tell you is for your good," added Bessie, in no harsh voice: "you should try to be useful and pleasant, then, perhaps, you would have a home here; but if you become passionate and rude, missis will send you away, I am sure."
      "Besides," said Miss Abbot, "God will punish her: he might strike her dead in the midst of her tantrums, and then where would she go? Come, Bessie, we will leave her: I wouldn't have her heart for anything. Say your prayers, Miss Eyre, when you are by yourself; for if you don't repent, something bad might be permitted to come down the chimney and fetch you away."
      They went, shutting the door, and locking it behind them.
abigail: (贵妇人的贴身)使女
underhand: 阴险的, 狡猾的,不诚实的
ere long: 不久
singsong: 平板的声调
tantrum: 一阵坏脾气
repent:  忏悔, 悔悟

TOP

The red-room was a spare chamber, very seldom slept in: I might say never, indeed, unless when a chance influx of visitors at Gateshead Hall rendered it necessary to turn to account all the accommodation it contained: yet it was one of the largest and stateliest chambers in the mansion. A bed supported on massive pillars of mahogany, hung with curtains of deep red damask, stood out like a tabernacle in the centre, the two large windows, with their blinds always drawn down, were half shrouded in festoons and falls of similar drapery; the carpet was red; the table at the foot of the bed was covered with a crimson cloth; the walls were a soft fawn colour, with a blush of pink in it; the wardrobe, the toilet-table, the chairs, were of darkly-polished old mahogany. Out of these deep surrounding shades rose high, and glared white, the piled-up mattresses and pillows of the bed, spread with a snowy Marseilles counterpane. Scarcely less prominent was an ample cushioned easy-chair near the head of the bed, also white, with a footstool before it, and looking, as I thought, like a pale throne.
influx:  A mass arrival or incoming: 汇集:大量到来或大量抵达:
      an influx of visitors to the city 大量涌入这个城市的游客
      large influxes of refugees  大量涌入的难民
stately: 庄严的, 堂皇的
mahogany: [植]桃花心木
damask: 锦锻
tabernacle: 帐篷
shroud: 遮蔽, 隐藏
festoon: 花彩装饰物
crimson: 深红色的
fawn: 浅黄褐色
counterpane: 床单, 床罩

TOP

回复 27# 的帖子

Thank you a lot.

TOP

This room was chill, because it seldom had a fire; it was silent, because remote from the nursery and kitchens; solemn, because it was known to be so seldom entered. The housemaid alone came here on Saturdays, to wipe from the mirrors and the furniture a week's quiet dust; and Mrs. Reed herself, at far intervals, visited it to review the contents of a certain secret drawer in the wardrobe, where were stored divers parchments, her jewel-casket, and a miniature of her deceased husband; and in those last words lies the secret of the red-room -- the spell which kept it so lonely in spite of its grandeur.
divers: 种种的
parchment: 羊皮纸

Mr. Reed had been dead nine years: it was in this chamber he breathed his last; here he lay in state; hence his coffin was borne by the undertaker's men; and, since that day, a sense of dreary consecration had guarded it from frequent intrusion.
undertaker's 殡葬所
consecration: 供献, 奉献, 献祭仪式

My seat, to which Bessie and the bitter Miss Abbot had left me riveted, was a low ottoman near the marble chimney-piece; the bed rose before me; to my right hand there was the high, dark wardrobe, with subdued, broken reflections varying the gloss of its panels; to my left were the muffled windows; a great looking-glass between them repeated the vacant majesty of the bed and room. I was not quite sure whether they had locked the door; and, when I dared move, I got up and went to see. Alas, yes! no jail was ever more secure. Returning, I had to cross before the looking-glass; my fascinated glance involuntarily explored the depth it revealed. All looked colder and darker in that visionary hollow than in reality: and the strange little figure there gazing at me with a white face and arms specking the gloom, and glittering eyes of fear moving where all else was still, had the effect of a real fairy, half imp, Bessie's evening stories represented as coming out of lone, ferny dells in moors, and appearing before the eyes of belated travellers. I returned to my stool.
rivet: 使固定,使牢固
ottoman: (无靠背、无扶手的)长软椅
chimney piece: 壁炉架
subdued: 柔和的
looking-glass: 镜子
speck: 用斑点标记
imp: 小鬼
ferny: 蕨类的
dell: (两边有树的)小谷, 小溪谷, 幽谷
belated: 天已暗了的, (旅客等)天色已晚仍在赶路的
        The belated travellers lost their way in the forest.
                天色已晚尚在赶路的旅行者们在森林中迷了路。

TOP

Superstition was with me at that moment: but it was not yet her hour for complete victory: my blood was still warm; the mood of the revolted slave was still bracing me with its bitter vigour; I had to stem a rapid rush of retrospective thought before I quailed to the dismal present.
All John Reed's violent tyrannies, all his sisters' proud indifference, all his mother's aversion, all the servant's partiality, turned up in my disturbed mind like a dark deposit in a turbid well. Why was I always suffering, always browbeaten, always accused, forever condemned?
Why could I never please? Why was it useless to try to win any one's favour? Eliza, who was headstrong and selfish, was respected. Georgiana, who had a spoiled temper, a very acrid spite, a captious and insolent carriage, was universally indulged. Her beauty, her pink cheeks, and golden curls, seemed to give delight to all who looked at her, and to purchase indemnity for every fault. John no one thwarted, much less punished, though he twisted the necks of the pigeons, killed the little peachicks, set the dogs at the sheep, stripped the hothouse vines of their fruit, and broke the buds off the choicest plants in the conservatory; he called his mother "old girl", too; sometimes reviled her for her dark skin, similar to his own; bluntly disregarded her wishes; not infrequently tore and spoiled her silk attire; and he was still "her own darling." I dared commit no fault; I strove to fulfil every duty; and I was termed naughty and tiresome, sullen and sneaking, from morning to noon, and from noon to night.
quail: 感到恐惧, 畏缩
turbid: 混浊的, 脏的 turbid water: 混浊的水
browbeat: 威胁,恐吓
headstrong:  顽固的, 刚愎的, 任性的
captious: 吹毛求疵的, 挑剔的
insolent: 傲慢无礼的, 蛮横的, 粗野的; 目空一切的
carriage: 体态, 姿态, 举止, 风度 She has a graceful carriage. 她举止优雅。
indemnity:  补偿
thwart: 反对; 阻挠
peachick: 孔雀的雏鸟
conservatory: 温室
revile: 谩骂,辱骂
attire: 服装
term: 把…称为, 叫做

TOP

返回列表