m: congratuations on your promotion, sheila.
f: thanks. but it's nothing.
m: don't be so humble.
f: well, in fact, i am a bit proud of myself.
please give my best regards to your father.
please remember me to your father.
-i passed my exam.
-congratulations on passing the exam.
congratulations ON beating John on the contest.
he was promoted head of the department(系主任).
he was promoted class leader(班长).
he was promoted manager.
i've heard you won the championship.
thanks, but it's nothing.
it's a bit cold today.
it's a little bit cold today.
it's a little cold today.
1. no matter how difficult the test is , Nancy always does well.
test(测验,小考) exam(大考) quiz(小考,抽考)
i will take 2 tests tomorrow.
i will take the exam the day after tomorrow.
i have too many quizs to take.
he did well on the examanation.
he did well in the speech contest.
2. whatever (no matter what) he does, he always does a good jobl.
no matter how nice he is, i don't like him.
whatever happens, i will support you.
whenever i see him, i feel happy.
3. however fast he swims, i can swim faster.
4. whenever i ride my bicycle, i feel happy.
5. you play the piano very well, therefore, i think you should study music in university.
some people eat to live, but there are others who live to eat.
to live a long and heathy life, we must learn to have a balanced diet.
a balanced diet simply means a bit of everything.
a diet which includes meat, fish, vegetables and fruit is ,of course, ideal.
if you watch your diet, then you won't have to suffer the pain of going on a diet.
you are overweight, you should go on a diet.（overweighted c.f.overweight ?）
i study english to communicate with people.
i came here to see you.(to不定式短语做副词，修饰前面的动词，表示目的)
i want to see him (在意愿动词后的to不定式短语做宾语，是名词短语).
simply = just
it's a little bit cold / hot today.
meat, fish, fruit 不可数n. 各种水果fruits
he is a teacher, all his brothers are, however, soldiers.
If you watch your diet=If you pay attention to your diet
1. some people eat to live.
i eat a lot of fruit in order to stay heathy.
to improve english, Kate studies everyday.
in order to become a professional photographer,Billy is studying the photography.
2. we must learn to have a balanced diet.
Belly should learn how to eat a balanced diet.
i ought to learn how to talk politely to others .
you might want to learn how to knit something.
m: wow~~candy , you're looking great!
m: you look so slim. how did you do it?
f: i went on a balanced diet.
feel /sound / look /taste /smell
slim = thin
the girl is slim, she is not overweight.
she is as thin as a rail(栏杆，铁轨)
you are overweight, you should go on a diet.
i have lost l lot of weight.
i have gained a lot of / some weight.
to master english,you must speak it every day.
1. Paul must learn how to speak english for his job.
where to go?/ how to do it?/ what to do?
i don't know what to do. / how to do . / where to go. 名词短语
you should learn (how) to speak english every day.
2. my brother lives in the city, but i live in the country.
he lived a happy life.
he led a happy life.(lead led led)
they led a poor life.
3. i listen very carefully to the teacher in order to be a good student.
i came in order to see you. = i came so as to see you = i came to see you.
so as to = in order to
4. on time
he is on time.he is not on time. he was not on time yesterday.
in order to be on time to work ,i left my house at 6am.
5. when he was 16, he learn how to fix a car.
6. Sue went on a diet last month,and now she looks great.
one of the most convenient ways to get around a city is by taxi.however, it is also the most expensive way.
in some cases, tipping is expected, too.
on the other hand, a taxi driver knows the city like the back of his hand.
he can quickly take you to any place you want to visit.
the taxi ride might be expensive, but it's time-saving.
i went to the park by taxi./ by bus./ by train./ on foot.
i went to Sichuan by plane. = i flew to Sichuan. (fly flew)
one of the .....p.n.
one of the studends there is my brother.
one of my students is called Peter.
one of my friends enjoys / loves music very much.
i need a car to get around the city.
you can take a taxi / bus to the park.
in some cases = in some situations
tip 给小费v. n.
i tipped him 2 $ .
don't forget to tip him.
he gave me a tip of 2$.
he tipped me 2$.
know sb./ sth. like the back of my hand.
i know him like the back of my hand.
i know him from A to Z.
i know the city like the back of my hand.=i know the city very well.
on the other hand:
he doesn't speak english very well, on the other hand, he is good at japanese.
the girl can't sing, on the other hand, she dances very well.
take me to the station, please.
he is the man who i respect most.
may / might.
it may rain today.
it might rain today.
1. some of the world's best poems are from China.
many of these students will go abroad to study.
two of those computers are still broken.
2. he may be the man that the police are looking for.
that's may be the best way to do it, so let's try it.
m: where to , lady?
f: the train station, and make it fast.
m: what's the hurry?
f: i must catch the first train to Shanghai.
the train station, and make it fast.
= the train station, and step on it.
what's the hurry?
= why are you in such a hurry?
--where to ,lady?
--the park. and make it fast.
--what's the hurry? / why are you in such a hurry?
--i must meet my friend there.
hail a taxi for me.
1.our family enjoys travelling by train.
he is planning on travelling around the world.
he is planning to travel around the world.
i enjoy travelling by plane. / taxi.
i met/ ran into an old friend of mine on the train.
i met him on the bus/ i saw him on the train.
i felt comfortable in a car / in a taxi.
2. some of us are going camping this weekend.
let's go dancing. / hunting ./ fishing.
some of them are going dancing / fishing this weekend./the day after tomorrow.
some of you are going fishing / hunting tomorrow.
i saw him the day before yesterday.
i am going fishing the day after tomorrow.
3. Jill rides the bus to work every day.
Jill takes the bus to work every day.
Jill takes a taxi to work every day.
let's go for a ride this afternoon.(兜风)
let's go for a walk in the park.
can i have a ride? (搭车)
no problem. hop in.
4. according to lesson 98, which is true?
it's convenient to travel by taxi.
a taxi ride is not expensive.
travelling by taxi is very slow.
all taxis are pink.
he is in the pink.= he is healthy.
5. according to lesson 97, which is not true?
tipping is not expected.
a taxi driver knows the city well./ like the back of his hand
travelling by taxi is very convenient.
taxis are expensive.
6. i will talk to you later. i will have to catch a bus in 10 minutes.
being in an unfamiliar city can be frightening, and finding an adress can be like looking for a needle in a haystack(字：大干草堆)(词：大海捞针).
don't get angry.just ask someone for directions.
however, city people usually give directions very quickly.
you may find it difficult to follow what they're saying.
therefore, you'd better draw the route on your map as you're listening to the directions.
can i ask him for help?
collecting stamps is my hobby.
to learn / master english is my purpose.
can he come this afternoon?
~ed c.f. ~ing:
he asked me a comfusing question.(i was comfused.)
i was frightened when i saw my father.
he is like my brother.
i like it.
get angry = be angry
Don't get angry.=Don't be angry.=Don't become angry.
Peter is getting angry with Marry.
i was angry at the report.
i am lost. i don't know where the station is. don't worry. just ask someone for directions.
i usually get up at 7am.
usually i get up at 7 in the morning.
when do you usually get up?
when do you usually go to bed?
i am sorry, but i can't follow you.
do you follow me?=do you understand me?
follow me! 跟我走
i find/ think him interesting.
i find him a nice man.
i find it interesting to learn english.
1. travelling long distance by train can be tiring.
studying hard is rewarding.
climbing mountain is very exciting.
2. Marry finds her job a challenge.
i thought the job very easy.
i think it rude to interrupt.
---how much money do you have?
---i have 2 hundred dollars.
by now we should be able to speak english to some extend.
if you still think you are hardly able to speak english ,now it's the time you should start all over again.
what i mean is that you should read all the lessons that we've taught you.
reread these lessons now and then, talk to youself,use all the words or idioms you can find in the text books.
lesson 100 turn right
f: excuse me!could you tell me the way to the post office,please?
m: sure! just walk down the street untill you get to the police station.then turn right and keep going for about two blocks. the post office is just across from the bank.
f: thanks a lot.
excuse me c.f. i am sorry
i am sorry.but i have broken your glass.
excuse me!could you show / tell me the way to the station,please?
stay here untill i come back.
you can't leave ubtill i come back.
go to : & get to
i will go to the station to see my friend off.
by the time i got to the station, he was gone.
keep learning english / singing/ dancing / untill i come back.
across (the street) from the bank
our shcool is just across from the post office.
the bank is just across from our school.
1.can i have some cooked fish, please?
2.i find it fun to watch foreign movies.
3.travelling can be very interesting.
4.i found an interesting book yesterday.
5.i found it rewarding ....
6.turn right when you arrive First Street.