did the Italian explorer C.Columbus really discover America?
it's believed that travelers from China got there first.
they crossed the Pacific to Mexico in the fifth century.
in fact, Columbus landed in the Bahamas in 1492, and never got to North America.
America was not even named after C.Columbus ,it was named after the America Ves. who landed in America in the late fifteenth century.
North America South America Central Amerinca
he came here at 7.
did he come here at 7?
did he study hard?
did you have money?
did you know him?
he studies hard.it's true.= it's true that he studies hard.
he got to the station at 5.
it is said that he speaks english well.=he is said to speak english well.
it is said that he is a good student=he is said to be a good student.
it is said that he spoke english well.=he is said to have spoken english well.
it's believed that travelers from China got there first.=travelers from China are believed to have got there first.
f: how come you have the same first name as your father?
m :i was named after him.
f: what about your sister?
m: she was named after my grandmother.
why is he crying?(倒装) = how come he is crying?（不倒装）
why did he leave? = how come he left?
why will he do it? = how come he will do it?
how come you have the same first name as your father?=why do you have the same first name as your father?
i have the same bicycle as yours.= i have the same bicycle as you do.= i have the same bicycle as you.
last name: 姓 family name: 姓 surname: 姓 first name: 名 given name: 名
every one will go to the movies, what about / how about me?
---marry, let's go to the moves tonight. ----what about my brother? ---i don't want him to spoil the atmosphere.
what about going to the movies tonight?
what about going dancing tonight?
1.Bob has the same name as his grandfather.----he was named after his grandfather.
2.he is said to be from the south.-------------------it is said that he is from the south.
3.it is said that Paris is a beautiful city.-------------Paris is said to be a beautiful city.
4.how come you are always late ?
5.Charly drives the same car as yours.
much of the land has been polluted.
the air is polluted; the water is polluted.
lesson 103 air pollution
Why do people get headaches in a crowded stuffy room?
Because they are breathing bad air.
People who breathe bad air for a long time can get really sick.
They may even get lung cancer and die.
People need fresh air.
Fresh air cleans the blood.
For our health's sake, we should all, therefore, do our part to fight against air pollution.
get headache: = have headache
i had a headache yesterday.
the station is crowed on holidays.
where's John? -----well, he is on holiday./on vacation.
the station is crowed with passengers.
the classroom is crowed with students.
it's stuffy in the classroom.
i love to live in the country, because i can breathe fresh air there.
you'll get sick if you don't take my advice.
you shouldn't go out when it's raining. if you go out, you 'll get sick.
i got the answer.
i got the letter.
get + adj.---------well / ill / sick / angry / mad
he got well after taking this medicine.
he got ill, he got sick.
he got angry. he got mad.
for a long time
he has been living here for a long time.
he has been studying english for a long time.
lung n. everyone has two lungs.
adj. he got lung cancer.
die ----> die of he died of lung cancer.
dying the patient is dying.
i'm dying to see him.= i 'm eager to see him.
for the sake of ... = for ...'s sake:
he is a miser. he does everything for the sake of money.
=he is a miser. he does everything for money's sake.
do our part 尽我们的本分
1.Marry becomes happy when she sees you.
Ellas became sad and started to cry.
i suddenly become hungry when i smelled the delicious food.
the food is delicious. / inviting.
2.this is a dirty, smelly bus.
you are a rude, disgusting man.
Martha's son is a hard-working, intelligent young man.
f: boy! it's really stuffy in here.
m: you are right. we need some fresh air.
f: let's turn on the air-con.
m: why not just oprn the window?
f: that's even better.
--hello,my name is John, i'm studying in a senior high scholl, glad to see you. how long will you be here?
here /there 为副词，前不能有介词
you should come here. / go there./ go to school. /go to the station.
i 'll go to the station to see my friend off.
i 'll go there to see my friend off.
i' ll come home. don't worry.
here / there 也可以做宾语，在in 的后面时，表示在房间里室内
hey~JOhn,i'm here ,and he is there. (室外)
i'm in here, he is in there. (在。。。里面，室内)
boy! is she beautiful! = boy, she is beautiful.
boy , is it really stuffy in here!
做动词 i need your help.
i need your cooperation.
做名词i'm in need of your help.
i'm fresh grom a trip to Japan.
he is fresh. 形容人表示很粗鲁。 =he is rude.
he is fresh, that's why i don't like him.
turn on / tur off
turn on the radio turn on the tv
let's run on the lights.
turn off the lights before you leave.
open the window~
it's raining now, please close / shut the windows.
---you should stay home and study tonight, John.
---why do i have to stay home and study? = ---why stay home and study?
you should do it right now? ---why do it ?
you can't do it. ---why not do it?
1.did you just see a cute young child pass by here?
he is a good-looking boy/ young man.
that cute small child is my brother.
that kind old lady is my mother.
2.Paul finally got angry.
Paul finally made me angry.
3.Al is getting more and more generous.
4.Nancy and Jill will come here late tonight.
5.why not take the bus to school?
6.if you are too fat, why not just go on a diet?
Garbage disposal is a major problem in most cities around the world.
Finding places for garbage is getting more and more difficult.
Recycling is, therefore, becoming very popular.
In other words, more and more people are treating used material so that it can be reused.
There is no doubt that recycling helps save our precious (宝贵的,珍贵的) natural resources.
It is in our own best interest to recycle.
newspapers can be recycled.
he is reading a newspaper. / two newspapers.
go buy me a newspaper, please.
come see me when you have time.
around the world = across the world
i saw a lot of garbage there.
i found a piece of garbage here.
don't dump garbage here.
don't throw garbage here.
he is dumped by his girlfriend.
dispose of ...
how should we dispose of this problem?
he has a good way to dispose of this garbage.
working with him is pleasant.
climbing mountains is good.
after taking the medicine, he got well.
he got ill / sick /mad/ angry.
she is getting more and more beautiful.
it's getting hotter and hotter.
his english is getting better and better.
therefore / however:
he is nice, however ,i don't like him.=he is nice, i,however , don't like him.
he is nice, therefore,i like him very much. = he is nice, i, therefore , like him very much.
he is popular with us.
the man is very helpful,he's very nice.that's why we all like him. that's why he is so popular with us.
you must study hard so that you can pass the exam.
i get up early everyday so that i may see her.
=i get up early everyday in order that i may see her.
=i get up early everyday in order to see her./ so as to see her.
there's no doubt that he is a nice man.
no doubt he is a nice man.
he helped (to) write the letter.
he helped me (to) write the letter.
It is in your own best interest to be nice to people.
It is in your own best interest to study hard.
1. more and more people are treating used material so that it can be reused.
Sam left work early so that he could take his son to a baseball game.
i have to stay up late last night in order to finish writing this report.
Carl exercises everyday so as not to get fat.
2.There is no doubt that recycling helps save our precious natural resources.
policeman helped us against criminals.
my mother often helps me study for my exams.
Nancy usually helps her sister do her choise.
1. i just sold a piece of furniture.
who's going to chair the meeting.
不可数名词：advice news equipment music imformation
he refused to take my advice. i will take your advice. he gave me a good piece of advice.
that's good news. that's a good piece of news.
we need more equipment. --- a piece of equipment.
that's good music.
we have collected a lot of imformation on the subject/project.
sold out ---- i'm sorry, but we have sold out this book.
----he sold out his friend.
on sale ----this watch is on sale for 2$ only.
2. he buys inexpensive clothes in order to save money.
John is cheap. ----John is stingy.
3.running helps me to stay healthy.
he helped (me to) write the letter.
4.talk softly, so as not to wake up my sleeping brother.
i left in order not to see her.
5.this car is a piece of junk.
6. don't be a litterbug, put your rubbish in the trash can.